The massive citadel bastions, which dominate Victoria today and that rise predominately over the city date back to the 17th Century. The original plans by Laparelli date to 1567 but it took 32 years to start work from them. Laparelli, famed for his architecture of Valletta designed the citadel two years after the Great Siege. Funds were raised from King Phillip II of Spain's donation and the Gozitans taxing wine, oil and other exports. The walls were never tested in serious battle as the Ottoman Turks were driven out of the West by the time they were completed. Legislation meant people had to live in the upper city but when the restriction was lifted people began to move further down the hill into the countryside. The old town is being revived and restored to its former glory. To the left of Cathedral Square is 17th Century Palace of the Governors, of particular interest here are the fat mouldings that were norm of that period. On the right is Chapter's Hall, which
was built in 1899. The square's domestic dwellings were destroyed in the 1860's. The Citadel Ramparts are a must and the view from them is simply a stunning mass of rolling valleys, hills and Malta in the background.